Arkpax Official·

Which Batteries are Best for Your Power Station? The Guide to LFP & NMC

Which Batteries are Best for Your Power Station? The Guide to LFP & NMC
When it comes to powering your devices, choosing the right battery is crucial. With so many options available, it can be overwhelming to determine which batteries are best for your power station. In this guide, we will explore two popular battery types: Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP) and Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC). By understanding the differences between these two battery chemistries, you can make an informed decision for your power station needs.

What is an LFP battery?

LFP batteries, or Lithium Iron Phosphate batteries, feature a cathode made of lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) and an anode typically composed of graphite backed with metal. These batteries were first developed in 1996 when scientists learned that lithium could be extracted and inserted from LiFePO4.

Key attributes of LFP batteries include:

Charge Cycles

LFPs are rechargeable, capable of reaching up to 3000 charging cycles with a 100% Depth Of Discharge (DOD). In practical terms, if you recharge your LFP battery daily, it could last nearly 8 years.


LFP batteries have proven to be safe under several conditions, including overcharging, short-circuiting, and mechanical damage. They tend not to explode or catch fire even under extreme conditions, such as direct flame.

Additionally, LFP batteries use iron and phosphate for the cathode, materials that are more abundant and less expensive than those used in NMC batteries like cobalt. They are also less toxic, making them easier to recycle at the end of their lifespan.

Due to their safety and stability, LFP batteries have become increasingly popular for home energy storage. They are also suitable for applications that require continuous charging and discharging, like energy storage systems for homes or the national grid.

However, for intermittent uses such as camping trips, the longevity of LFP batteries may not be a significant advantage. It's essential to consider your specific usage patterns and needs when choosing a battery technology.

What is a NMC battery?

NMC batteries, or Nickel-Manganese-Cobalt batteries, utilize a cathode made up of a nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) compound and an anode generally composed of graphite with added silicon. 

NMC batteries are recognized for their high energy density, high discharge rate, and broad operating temperature range, making them well-suited for applications like electric vehicles and power storage that require these features.

Here are some key characteristics of NMC batteries:


NMC batteries have a higher energy density, ranging from 270Wh/kg to 300Wh/kg, making them ideal for applications where low weight is essential, like electric vehicles and portable power stations.


Higher Discharge Rate

NMC batteries can operate at a 2C discharge rate without affecting battery lifetime or performance, which is twice the rate of many other batteries. This allows for high-power delivery in short periods, useful for applications like electric vehicle acceleration.

Working Temperature

NMC batteries function effectively across a wide temperature range, from -20℃ to 60℃. This makes them versatile for a variety of applications without needing to heat the battery to maintain performance.

NMC batteries have become a popular choice for solar storage due to their longevity, energy storage capacity, and lower maintenance needs. 

They are also commonly used in everyday devices like smartphones and laptops. The nickel and manganese in NMC batteries provide stability, while cobalt contributes to their high energy density, making them a good choice for high-power, high-energy-density applications.

What is the difference between LFP and NMC batteries?

There are a few key things to consider when you’re shopping for a solar battery, including the battery’s performance, its lifespan, its safety, the cost, and its overall value. 

Let’s take a look at the comparison table that summarizes the differences between LFP and NMC batteries:




Energy Density

Only reach 160Wh/kg, 

Up to 300Wh/kg

Temperature Range


-20℃ to 60℃


 -20℃ to 40℃



3,500+ cycles to 80% original capacity


1,000+ cycles to 80% original capacity


LiFePO4 is a more stable crystal and does not create additional heat when punctured or on fire

Higher risk and have an unstable formula that easily deforms if damaged


20-25 kgs for a 2000 Wh battery

10-15 kgs for a 2000 Wh battery

To wrap up, both Li-NMC and LiFePO4 are types of rechargeable batteries, but they have different strong and weak points. Li-NMC batteries are great for camping because they can hold lots of power but are small and light.

On the other hand, LiFePO4 batteries can be charged and used many more times and are safer because they're less likely to catch fire. This is really good for batteries that are always being used, like in homes or for the power grid. But for camping, where you use the battery less often, this isn't as important.

If you're going camping every week, Li-NMC batteries are the better choice. They are smaller and lighter, which is handy for camping. The benefits of LiFePO4 batteries aren't as useful for this.

Arkpax NMC portable power station

The Ark Portable Power Station is powered by an NMC (Nickel Manganese Cobalt) battery, offering over 1,000 life cycles and a lifespan close to 10 years.

It features an advanced battery management system (BMS) and has a battery capacity of 1500Wh. 

With its surge power output of 3300W and rated power output of 1800W, it can serve as a reliable backup power source for emergencies, travel, RV and off-grid living, and more. 

Capable of powering even heavy-duty equipment, it's an excellent choice for off-grid living, camping, tailgates, emergency preparedness, and more.


Ark Portable Power Station



Battery Type


Life Cycles

1,000+ cycles to 80% original capacity

AC Outlet

Rated power 1800W (Peak 3300W), 4x AC Output

USB-C Port

PD 100Wx1 + PD 36Wx3, total 173W Max

USB-A Port



AC 1000W Max

Solar 500W Max (15V-48V)

Car 12/24V from XT60 port


Li-NMC and LiFePO4 are both types of lithium-ion batteries, but they have different strengths and weaknesses. Li-NMC batteries are smaller and lighter, yet they can store the same amount of power as LiFePO4 batteries. This makes them a great choice for camping trips, where portability is key.

On the other hand, LiFePO4 batteries are more durable, can be charged and discharged more times, and are less likely to cause a fire. These features make them ideal for 'always on' energy storage at home or for the power grid. However, these advantages aren't as important for a portable power pack used mainly for camping. So, if you're using the power pack for weekly camping trips, Li-NMC batteries would be the better choice due to their smaller size and lighter weight.